By 1915, Hollywood?
had approximately fifteen thousand workers employed by the motion picture industry.
was home to over 60 percent of American film production.
had a capital investment exceeding $500 million.
was home to the former “independents” who would soon become the major studios.
all of the above. The concept of ‘movie stars’ ? was not created until the 1930s. emerged with the move to narrative and the use of close-ups. has little to do with the business practices of American cinema.was invented by Auguste and Louis Lumière.all of the above
The major American movie studios that began to emerge in the post–World War I period?
a. incorporated several of the MPPC companies.
b.all began as independent exhibitors and distributors fighting the MPPC.
c. were largely formed from merged production companies and distributors.
d. were still mostly in New York.
e. both b and c
a. was first developed by Edison for the MPPC.
b. was accepted willingly by the exhibitors who benefited from the system.
c. put producers at a distinct economic disadvantage.
d. forced exhibitors to show less desirable films if they wanted to show the more desirable ones.
e. was not widely practiced in Hollywood.
The division of labor in Hollywood studios meant?
A. the director focused on actors and story while the cinematographer managed the technical crew.
B. the studio was divided into various departments.
C. motion picture workers became permanent employees of the studios.
D. producers oversaw productions as units, from beginning to release.
E.All of the above.
The three elements of vertical integration in Hollywood were?
A.production, distribution, and exhibition.
B. production, editing, and cinematography.
C.scriptwriting, cinematography, and editing.
D. production, direction, and exhibition
E.none of the above.
Between 1914 and 1919, the American film industry?
A. grew in terms of the number of films produced but lost market share to European producers.
B.experienced its first period of decline since the movies began.
C.was producing nearly all of the films seen around the world.
D.was battling France and Italy for the domination of international markets.
E. was too focused on internal competition to pay much attention to export markets.
Which of the following was NOT a reason for the film industry’s move to Hollywood?
A. It had an ideal climate.
B. It had a variety of landscapes in easy distance.
C. Land was cheap and plentiful.
D.It was far away from the MPPC lawyers.
E. Los Angeles had a low tax rate.
The rise of the feature film after World War I led to?
A. the construction of enormous “atmospheric” theaters.
B. a dramatic increase in production budgets.
C. a standardization of film production practices.
D. increased Wall Street investment in the film industry.
E. all of the above