Submit the SPSS database that contains your program evaluation variables. No data should be entered at this stage; you are only setting up the variables at this time.Your database should contain the following variables:
- Participant ID number
- Program ID
- Group (applicable only if you will be comparing two or more groups for a single program, such as a treatment group and a control group)
- Demographic variables (such as age, sex, and any other demographic variables that are important for your population).
- Assessment instrument items for one entire instrument (pre and post).
- Assessment instrument totals for remaining assessment instruments (pre and post).
Be sure that the variables are labeled in a manner that makes sense and that will allow you to identify them as you analyze the data. Each variable should be completely defined and labeled appropriately in the Variable View screen in SPSS. Be sure to select the appropriate measurement scale for each variable.Also attach the instruments that are being used for each program. If you are not able to obtain an actual instrument, provide a description of the instrument that explains the items, measurement scale, and scoring instructions. Provide a full reference for each instrument used in each of the two programs.
Running Head: WEEK ONE CAPSTONE 3 1
WEEK ONE CAPSTONE 3 4
Week One Capstone 3 Discussion
Week One Capstone 3 Discussion
Data analysis begins by first setting variables in states that they can be analyzed in order to draw valid conclusions. Different analysis software may require different database setups that can ease running analysis. In this study a database was developed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Several types of variables were included and the correct state of variables was ensured to ease analysis. The database for this study consists of the following;
1. Participant ID number.
2. Program ID.
6. Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale – Child (SCASChild) assessment instrument.
7. Addiction Severity Index (ASI) assessment instrument (pre and post).
8. Assessment instrument totals for remaining assessment instruments (pre and post).
Some challenges were encountered during setting up the database. The variables were too many and requires a lot of time and attention to ensure all of them are captured correctly. Most of the variables utilized by this study required variable coding in SPSS. This can cause misinterpretation if not done carefully to ensure that labels represents exact value as required. Some of the variables require transformation which may pause a challenge getting the right code to perform the task.
Three items were used in this study. Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale – Child (SCASChild) was used to determine children anxiety for participants with ages between 3 and 11. The assessment instrument consist of 42 items used to determine level of anxiety in children (Spence, 2017). The assessment instrument had 4 levels 0) Never, 1) Sometimes, 2) Often and 3) Always. The second item used was Addiction Severity Index (ASI) that determines drug abuse for adults aged 65 and above (Clark, 2021). The instrument had 13 items (D1 to D13) and 5 levels, 0) Not at all, 1) Slightly, 2) Moderately, 3) Considerably and 4) Extremely.
Spence, S.H. (2017). Structure of anxiety symptoms among children: A confirmatory factor analytic study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(2), 280-297.
Clark, V. (2021). Implementation of the Addiction Severity Index Screening Tool (Doctoral dissertation, Brandman University).