Choosing an Activity-Based Costing SystemMTI makes three types of lawn tractors: M3100, M4100, and..

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Choosing an Activity-Based Costing SystemMTI makes three types of lawn tractors: M3100, M4100, and M6100. In the past, it allocated overhead to products using machine-hours. Last year, the company produced 10,000 units of M3100, 17,500 units of M4100, and 10,000 units of M6100 and had the following revenues and costs:MTIIncome StatementM3100M4100M6100TotalSales $9,000,000$15,000,000$13,500,000$37,500,000Direct costsDirect materials 3,000,0004,500,0003,300,00010,800,000Direct labor 600,000900,0001,800,0003,300,000Variable overheadSetting up machines 2,400,000Processing sales orders1,800,000Warehousing 2,400,000Operating machines 1,200,000Shipping 900,000Contribution margin $14,700,000Plant administration 6,000,000Gross profit $ 8,700,000MTI’s controller has heard about activity-based costing and puts together an employee team to recommend cost allocation bases. The employee team recommends the following:ActivityCost DriverM3100M4100M6100Setting up machinesProduction runs102020Processing sales ordersSales orders received180400220WarehousingUnits held in inventory100200100Operating machinesMachine-hours6,0009,00010,000ShippingUnits shipped10,00017,50010,000The employee team recommends that plant administration costs not be allocated to products.Requireda. Using machine-hours to allocate overhead, complete the income statement for MTI. Do not allocate plant administrative costs to products.b. Complete the income statement using the activity-based costing method suggested by the employee team.c. Write a brief report indicating how activity-based costing might result in better decisions by MTI.d. After hearing the recommendations, the president expresses concern about failing to allocate plant administrative costs. If plant administrative costs were to be allocated to products, how would you allocate them?

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