Hi, need to submit a 500 words paper on the topic Is the World Flat. RUNNING HEAD: IS THE WORLD FLAT? Long back in 1881, Samuel Rowbotham, an English published Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe (Macherez, 2014), however the context of writing carried altogether a different meaning that time. Later, in April 2005, Friedman published, The World Is Flat that throws light on altogether an unusual happening in terms of economic development across the world. The book highlights the fact that there is a convergence of technology owing to globalization, facilitating China and India to emerge as global supply chain in terms of manufacturing and services. Friedman further enunciated that flattening of world took place just at the dawn of twenty first century.
Globalization is an imperative feature of political and economic discourse as it has paved the way to spread thoughts as wild fire, leaping borders and now information is not confined to industrial world. According to Friedman (2005), globalization has its success and discontents and thus improvise one think that The World Is Flat! However, such views find little support from authors like Ghemawat (2007), Florida (2005, October) and Christopherson et al. (2008). The World Isn’t Flat!
According to Ghemawat, one cannot consider the world to be flat, in fact, only 10-25 percent of all economic activities is international or global while remaining are regional, further he affirms the failure of globalization theories in terms of geographical and cultural factors, if there is 1 percent raise in geographic distance the trade between the two locations will diminish by 1 percent. Further, Ghemawat enunciated that countries with a common language share42 percent more trade compared to dissimilar culture while common currency potentially enhances the trade by 114 percent (Shermer, 2011. Ghemawat, 2007).
Considering the views of Ghemawat, it is true in real sense if an analysis is carried out the globalization has actually created peaks and valleys in every aspect of life, not only globalization is confined to peaks as depicted by Florida (2005), but the work force, facilities, infrastructure, development, access to fast track of development it is all confined to peaks while the valleys are still deprived of all the latest avenues (Fox, 2014).
Migration of mass is towards developed and better prospects which resulted in clustering of resources, progress, amenities and opportunities at particular provinces. Florida (2005) has categorized these peaks in terms of population (the talent or skill), light emission (the economic activity), patents (the innovations) and scientific citations (the research). Globalization has not provided the same platform to all and thus, world is not flat even today! It is spiky, with developments at specific areas only and thus an economic drift is going on.
One geographical drift has separated continents, allowed oceans to move and lead to the peaks in the form of mountains millions of years ago! The present epoch is witnessing the economic drift which has created new peaks of development and there is no place for those who are in valleys. One has to be fast, quick, prompt in grabbing the ever increasing heights of new peaks imposing new-flanked challenges. Those who are part of the peaks/ spikes are still dominating the world and world in turn look upon them for all sorts of help and funds, honoring them as liberators/ saviors and accepting their dominance which people residing in the valleys call leadership.
The leadership style prevailing in the world which is not flat is more transactional where new tasks are set to be accomplished every passing moment. Managers are rewarded for their speedy and swift moves towards the set objectives while those who lag behind are punished. Considering the world to be flat where the distribution of resources and progress is even, the leadership style would be transformational with high level of communication, motivation and promotion opportunities for all and there is no bias! But it is still a dream to confess that world is flat owing to globalization (Johnson, n.d.).
Christopherson, S., Garresten, H., Martin, R. (2008). The world is not flat: putting
globalization in its place. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 1,
Florida, R. (2005). The World is Spiky: Globalization has changed the economic playing
field, but hasnt leveled it. .The Atlantic Monthly, 48–51. Retrieved from
Fox, J. (2014). The World Is Still Not Flat. Retrieved from
Friedman, T. (2007, May). Is the world flat? [Letter to the editor]. .Foreign Policy, .160, 4.
Retrieved from the Walden Library using Business Source Premier database.
Ghemawat, P. (2007). Why the world isnt flat. .Foreign Policy, .159, 54-60. Retrieved from
the Walden Library using Business Source Complete database. Search using the articles title.
Johnson, R. (n.d.). 5 Different Types of Leadership Styles. Retrieved from
Macherez, F. (2014). Yes, There Are Still People Who Believe the Earth Is Flat. Retrieved
Shermer, M. (2011). Globaloney: Why the World Is Not Flat… Yet. Retrieved from