In ‘fair assessment’ fair does not mean equal, it means EQUITABLE. In order to better understand this, please read ‘Equity for English-language learners’, the article is included in this Unit’s Reading List.
- If you are a practicing teacher please reflect on your assessment practice and analyze whether it has been equitable and in what way was it equitable.
- If you are not a practicing teacher, as yet, reflect on your experience as an assessee and analyze whether your assessments were fair and equitable.
1. Abedi, J. (2006). Psychometric issues in the ELL assessment and special education eligibility. Teachers College Record, 108(11), 2282–2303. http://www.ncaase.com/docs/Abedi_TCRE782_2006.pdf
- ‘Psychometric issues in the ELL assessment and special education eligibility’, is an article that discusses the impact of linguistic factors on assessment and the classification of ELL students. The author states that the major threats to the validity of classifying ELL students is the indistinct line between ELL students at the lower levels of English proficiency and students with learning disabilities.
2. Alrubail, R. (2016). Equity for English-language learners. EDUTOPIA. https://www.edutopia.org/blog/equity-for-english-language-learners-rusul-alrubail
- ‘Equity for English-language learners’. In this article the author addresses and explains the need for equitable assessment practices.
3.. Carjuzaa, J., & Ruff, W. (2016). American Indian English language learners: misunderstood and under-served. Cogent Education. https://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1/12658/Ruff_CE_2016.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
- ‘American Indian English language learners: misunderstood and under-served ‘, this article is about the complicated situation of American Indian schoolchildren who do not necessarily speak their heritage languages; yet, their academic English skills are inadequate to support content mastery. Students whose first language is an American Indian language and who are learning English as a second language (ESL) are easier to identify as ELLs. Students who do not speak a heritage language but have not acquired academic English proficiency are harder to identify. This unique group of ELLs had their English acquisition framed by parents/grandparents or guardians themselves who were ELLs who did not fully acquire Standard English and currently speak and model a non-standard or non-academically proficient variety of English.
4. Ford, D., &Whiting, G. (2006). Under-representation of diverse students in gifted education: recommendations for nondiscriminatory assessment. Gifted Education Press Quarterly, 20 (2). http://www.giftededpress.com/GEPQSPRING2006.pdf
- ‘Under-representation of diverse students in gifted education: recommendations for non-discriminatory assessment’ is a critique of traditional educational testing and a discussion of alternative assessment, primarily non-verbal measures.
5.Klenowski, V., & Gertz, T. (2009). Culture fair assessment: addressing equity issues in the context of primary mathematics teaching and learning. Australian Research Council (ARC). https://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1044&context=research_conference
- ‘Culture fair assessment: addressing equity issues in the context of primary mathematics teaching and learning’, this article provides the background and context to the important issue of assessment and equity in relation to Indigenous students in Australia. The authors highlight how teachers need to distinguish the ‘funds of knowledge’ that Indigenous students draw on and how teachers need to adopt culturally responsive pedagogy to open up the curriculum and assessment practice to allow for different ways of knowing and being.
6. Ortiz, S. (2002). Best practices in non-discriminatory assessments. Best Practices in School Psychology. National Association of School Psychologist. http://axwin13.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/63727656/Best%20Practices%20Nondiscriminatory.pdf
- ‘Best practices in non-discriminatory assessments’ is an analysis of non-discriminatory assessments from the perspective of a school psychologist.
7. Siegel, M., Wisserh, C., & Halverson, K. (2008). A framework for equitable assessment. The Science Teacher, 44. http://people.uncw.edu/kubaskod/nc_teach/class_5_assessment/sounds_like_success_equitable_assessment.pdf
- ‘A framework for equitable assessment’, in this article the authors address the fact that ‘teachers have many dilemmas when it comes to assessing a classroom of diverse students. Teachers need to find out what students really know while being fair to all students. They also need to learn how to alter assessments without watering down content’. In response to this the authors describe ‘The Five Principles of Equitable Assessment’.
8.Using informal assessment for English language learners. (n.d.). Colorin colorado. http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/using-informal-assessments-english-language-learners
- ‘Using informal assessment for English language learners’ is a review of many forms of informal assessments and about how informal assessments can provide a more well-rounded picture of their skills, abilities, and ongoing progress