Obesity and Diabetes Risk



Obesity and Diabetes Risk

Module 1 SLP Assignment

RES500 (2020JUN01FT-1)

June 19, 2020

Obesity and Diabetes Risk

Module one assignment will propose an observational study to examine the association between obesity (IV) and diabetes risk (DV, T2DM) among Americans aged 35-65. Recently, researches have revealed an epidemic of obesity and diabetes as a significant global crisis. Analyses From the epidemiological department, it reveals a simultaneous escalation of obesity and diabetes crisis in the contemporary world. The close relationship between these two disorders is primarily expressed in their causes, which is the metabolic defects of insulin action. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to absorb glucose which is the primary nutrient that requires’ the cells’ metabolism (n.d, 2020).

Literature Review

Obesity has emerged to be a global crisis being the leading cause of death, physical and mental impairment, and its effects are anticipated to stay even longer (Bhupathiraju, & Hu, 2016). In the United States, epidemiological researches reveal that at least 10 percent of American adults are affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Historically, T2DM has been considered or as an adult disorder. Contrary to the historical myth, studies reveal that massive body weight increase in children and teenagers has resulted in an increasing level of T2DM statistics among them. In the obese body, the levels of insulin signaling molecules decrease in the skeletal muscles drastically. Similarly, diabetes disorder’s primary cause is insulin impairment. Studies reveal that, though insulin resistance is a fundamental feature in both obese and diabetic individuals, there is a clear establishment that there are no impaired insulin actions for an individual with the two disorders.

Traditionally, obesity is considered as a disorder due to energy levels imbalance in the blood, but its pathogenesis reveals that the cause involves a combination of genetic, environmental, physiological, social, and economic factors. Since obesity is the primary relative to T2DM due to their similar cause, secular changes would impact diabetes and obesity significantly (Bhupathiraju, & Hu, 2016). There is a positive co-relationship associated with physical activities and reduced cases, and the risk of obesity and T2DM among adults. Additionally, reduced sleep is strongly related to the increased risk of T2DM among persons (Bhupathiraju, & Hu, 2016). People who have fewer sleeping hours are at a higher position to get T2DM than individuals who sleep regular 7 hours.

In the United States, dietary risks are associated with approximately 26% of deaths and 14% of the disabilities. Therefore, diet is a crucial tool in the prevention of disease or disorders such as obesity and T2DM (Verma, & Hussain, 2017). Additionally, diet improvement is a significant modifier in the risk reduction of obesity and T2DM either directly by improving its risk factors such as blood pressure, glucose levels rectification, and weight gain.

Research Question, Hypotheses, and Population

Research Question

The study’s research question is: Is obesity (IV) associated with diabetes risk (DV) among Americans aged 35-45?


2-Tailed hypotheses. Null: Obesity (IV) is not associated with diabetes risk (DV) among Americans aged 35-45. Alternative: Obesity (IV) is associated with diabetes risk (DV) among Americans aged 35-45.


The study’s target population is Americans aged 35-45.

Attributes of Research Question

An excellent research question creates the foundation of engaging, successful research. The primary purpose of a research question(s) is to give a clue into the investigated problem. Therefore, good research questions must consider the following five attributes; Relevance, Novelty, Focus, Consist of at least two main concepts, and feasibility.


The primary concern of a research question show is of academic, professional, or intellectual purpose to address arising issues or raised concerns in the contemporary world. The objective should be the urge to solve a problem by solving the disparities of information in knowledge. Therefore, for a relevant question must focus on solving a contemporary issue (Tully, 2014). For instance, our general research question’s purpose is to establish an association between obesity (IV) and diabetes risk (DV) among age 35-45, which has remained a global health crisis.


Novelty implies to the newness or uniqueness of a research question. For novelty in research should ensure that the research questions have not been investigated before by other scholars, purposely to personally confirm or dispute the research findings (Tully, 2014). The novelty in research questions plays a crucial role in establishing new facts and new aspects. For instance, to create novelty in my research questions, I aim to develop specific issues of the


The focus of the research questions is to postulate the interest of the researcher. A good research question must aim to establish the study’s interest and what it seeks to achieve at the end (Ratan, Anand, & Ratan, 2019). In my research question, the center of interest is to find out

Main aspects

A compelling research question must seek to address at least two core aspects of the study. It ensures that the question asked is relative to a new or existing issue. For instance, the general research question (“Is obesity (IV) associated with diabetes risk (DV) among Americans aged 35-45?”) seeks to establish a relationship between the two disorders as the primary core aspects.


The feasibility of a research question is a very crucial tool for writing proper research. Therefore, feasibility seeks to examine the practicability of the question and the possibility to carry out or investigate it (Ratan, Anand, & Ratan, 2019). To ensure the feasibility of the question, you must consider the accessibility of the study population, availability of statistics, and conceptual relationship. For instance, in our stand, the community of 35-45 years can be reliable for a response. Additionally, there are medical statistics available in public health and other related researches that were conducted previously.


Conclusively, it is evident that the relationship between obesity (IV) and diabetes risk (DV, T2DM) is strongly positive. Additionally, it is essential to note that, lack of exercise and little sleep attributes to mass body weight gain and significant association with high insulin functioning impairment. Also, it is notable that dietary requirements are crucial in the prevention and treatment of the two disorders. Lastly, there is a strong positive relationship between CVD, obesity (IV), and T2DM due to the glucose imbalance in the two diseases.


Bhupathiraju, S. N., & Hu, F. B. (2016). Epidemiology of obesity and diabetes and their cardiovascular complications. Circulation research, 118(11), 1723-1735.

Diabetes | Healthy people 2020. (n.d.). Healthy People 2020 |. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/diabetes

Ratan, S. K., Anand, T., & Ratan, J. (2019). Formulation of research question–Stepwise approach. Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons, 24(1), 15.

Tully, M. P. (2014). Articulating questions, generating hypotheses, and choosing study designs. The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 67(1), 31.

Verma, S., & Hussain, M. E. (2017). Obesity and diabetes: An update. Diabetes & metabolic syndrome, 11(1), 73–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2016.06.017

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