Please respond to each classmate’s discussion response separately in at least 250 words per answer. The responses must be in APA format and include at least one reference per answer. The original discussion question will be included as a reference, but you only need to respond to the classmate’s response.
Original Question One:
Explain the driving force behind self-organization in Perruchet and Vinter’s model. Is this force plausible? Provide opinion and support.
Classmate One Response:
The driving force that started the model of self-organization that Perruchet and Vinter was created in response to the work of Dulany by their desire to show an alternative model. Their proposal uses elementary associative processes to explain how the brain organizes and categorizes information for recall without the direct knowledge or understanding of the person taking in the information (Perruchet & Vinter 2002).
Elementary Associative Processes could very well be true when it comes to the memory. One main example of this is when a person is driving to a place they often go to from one direction but they are having to get there from a different starting point and it seems to be much more difficult to get to the location. This simple example shows how our brains are wired to do things based on other factors that we associate with the task at hand.
Perruchet (2005) revisits the subject in additional papers suggesting that the sequencing to learning information may be just as important as the information itself.
Perruchet, P. (2005). Statistical approaches to language acquisition and the self-organizing consciousness: a reversal of perspective. Psychological Research, 69(5/6), 316-329. doi:10.1007/s00426-004-0205-6
Perruchet, P., & Vinter, A. (2002). The self-organizing consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25, 297-388.
Classmate Two Response:
Self-organization of the conscious mind occurs as a response to an environmental variation, in which the existing natural structure is incapable of managing; causing the production of a new scheme that is capable of coping with the related change (Kahn, 2013). This model proposes that cognizance occurs when an onset of relational interaction is achieved between cerebral sequences and neural components within the brain (Kahn, 2013). The driving force behind Pierre Perruchet’s and Annie Vinter’s self-organization model was to expound upon Donelson Dulany’s early postulation that characterized conscious conditions as the transmitters of symbolic representations, and mentalism as an exclusionary framework of conscious conditions organized by unconscious processes (Dulany, 2002; Perruchet & Vinter, 2002). Perruchet and Vinter’s model is plausible and is validated by naturally occurring processing that take place in our brains. A practical example of this model are dreams and our lack of control over them. Dreams are composed of spontaneous, unconscious thoughts and recollections that self-shape to organize a complete picture (Kahn, 2013).
Dulany, D.E. (2002). Mentalistic metatheory and strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 337-339.
Kahn, D. (2013). Brain basis of self: self-organization and lessons from dreaming. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(408). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00408
Perruchet, P., & Vinter, A. (2002). The self-organizing consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25, 297-388. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search…
Original Question 2:
What challenges face researchers as they study the brain? Which of these challenges poses the biggest obstacle? Discuss positive and negative issues that could arise from further research and discovery into the brain and its function.
Classmate Three Response:
There are many challenges that a researcher faces when studying the brain but some of the most important challenges come from completing a study itself. Studies take time, money, and the trust of the public in order to happen. Someone must have the time and energy to devote to the project and then the funds available in order to pay for the project as well. The use of fMRI is quite expensive and buying a machine is not an option for many researchers. While there are opportunities to rent time with an fMRI machine, these cost hundreds of dollars per hour making the costs of an entire study astronomical.
Another issue that Markram (2013) discusses is the fact that there is not enough communication and unity between individuals working in the neuroscience field. While I do not have any firsthand knowledge of this myself in this field, I can say that given the time and financial restrictions of the field it would be beneficial for all parties to try to work together by sharing as much information as possible.
While funding is an big negative to the amount of research that can be done there are so many more advancements that need to happen which makes studies regarding the brain a positive necessity. As the amount of individuals with neurological disorders ranging from autism, dementia, traumatic brain injuries, and intellectual disabilities increase there has to be more research done into the causes and possible solutions for these conditions.
Markram, H. (2013). Seven challenges for neuroscience. Functional Neurology, 28(3), 145 – 151 .
(2017). Usage Charges of a fMRI Machine, Yale University. As Retrieved from http://mrrc.yale.edu/users/charges.aspx