Based on this outline
- The method of physical punishment has positive and negative effects on the behavioral changes that a child assumes when growing up and what he or she consolidate as a personality in adult life. Physical punishment means that a parent can use justifiable force to beat or spank their children and also use of harsh language that may inflict pain on a child. The outcome of physical punishment can be positive if they lead to a greater benefit to the child and can be viewed as negative if the result produces worse effects than the impact it would have caused if the child was left undisciplined (Holden et al., 2014).
- Positive effects of punishing a child physically hinge on the favorable outcomes that supersede the pain inflicted on the child (Lansford et al., 2014).
- Physical punishments are quick and produce rapid behavioral changes than a non-violent mode of disciplining.
- The pain inflicted deters the child from repeating a mistake again and also provide a long-lasting memory, which enables a child to act on self-discipline when an occasion presents in the future (Rodriguez & Tucker, 2015).
- There are adverse effects connected to physical punishment on a child. These outcomes are considered to impact negatively on child behaviors than any benefit they may purport to advance.
- The child may develop aggressive behaviors and become irritable even at the slightest provocation (Gershoff, 2016).
- The child may grow to an adult with family problems such as beating their spouses and quarreling with people as a mean of solving their problem (Gershoff, 2016).
- The child may start committing small crimes that involve physical assaults to the victims (Österman, Björkqvist & Wahlbeck, 2014).
- Corporal punishment reduces child cognitive ability and affects their studies (Lansford et al., 2014).
- The instructing and disciplining of a child need collaborative discussions that include parents, researchers, and children right groups as the audience.
- Parents are major contributors to child discipline because they are in direct contact with them. They are the primary policy enforcers, and therefore their views are warranted (Gershoff, Purtell, & Holas, 2015).
- The researcher is continually absorbed in the study of how various forms of punishment influence the child growth in general. They are involved in conducting controlled experiments that delineate the cause and effect relationships of physical punishment on children (Holden et al., 2014). Solicitation of researchers’ views is vital and necessary. The researcher is the people who create links between the actual acts of inflicting pain and the observed outcome holding factors such as genetic predisposition as constants.
- Children right group are the overseers of the child wellbeing. They can monitor the roles of parents in disciplining their children and also evaluate practices of the researcher to ensure ethical guidelines are followed (Freeman & Saunders, 2014).
- The views and recommendations of the stakeholders should then be harmonized to draft a practical framework that can later be adopted and ratified for widespread application in schools and homes.
Freeman, M., & Saunders, B. J. (2014). Can we Conquer Child Abuse if we don’t Outlaw Physical Chastisement of Children?. The International Journal of Children’s Rights, 22(4), 681-709.
Gershoff, E. T. (2016). Should Parents’ Physical Punishment of Children Be Considered a Source of Toxic Stress That Affects Brain Development?. Family Relations, 65(1), 151-162.
Gershoff, E. T., Purtell, K. M., & Holas, I. (2015). Legal and public policy strategies to reduce or ban school corporal punishment. In Corporal Punishment in US Public Schools (pp. 69-86). Springer International Publishing.
Holden, G. W., Brown, A. S., Baldwin, A. S., & Caderao, K. C. (2014). Research findings can change attitudes about corporal punishment. Child abuse & neglect, 38(5), 902-908.
Lansford, J. E., Sharma, C., Malone, P. S., Woodlief, D., Dodge, K. A., Oburu, P., … & Tirado, L. M. U. (2014). Corporal punishment, maternal warmth, and child adjustment: A longitudinal study in eight countries. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(4), 670-685.
Österman, K., Björkqvist, K., & Wahlbeck, K. (2014). Twenty‐eight years after the complete ban on the physical punishment of children in Finland: Trends and psychosocial concomitants. Aggressive Behavior, 40(6), 568-581.
Rodriguez, C. M., & Tucker, M. C. (2015). Predicting maternal physical child abuse risk beyond distress and social support: Additive role of cognitive processes. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(6), 1780-1790.
Zhu, J., Yu, C., Bao, Z., Jiang, Y., Zhang, W., Chen, Y., … & Zhang, J. (2017). Deviant Peer Affiliation as an Explanatory Mechanism in the Association between Corporal Punishment and Physical Aggression: a Longitudinal Study among Chinese Adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1-15.
( NOTE: I want to keep the same BODY and REFERENCES)
BUT, I need to improve more my introduction and my conclusions following these steps:
- Your introduction should begin with a hook that draws the reader in.
- You need to provide background information on the issue at large and explain the two major arguments you will be exploring related to your issue.
- Your thesis statement must be present in your introduction paragraph and is typically the last sentence in the paragraph.
- Your conclusion should effectively summarize your paper, reminding your audience of the two major sides of the argument that you explored.
- It should bring closure to the essay.
- Both paragraphs should be written in third person.
- Be careful not to overuse tactics such as rhetorical questions or anecdotes.
- Outside sources are typically reserved for body paragraphs. If used in the introduction or conclusion, they must be used sparingly and include appropriate in-text citations according to APA style
In another page
Based on my references Choose one of the sources (NOTE: REMEMBER TO CHOSE IT FROM MY REFERENCES)
- Using one passage from that source, provide an example of a quotation, an example of a paraphrase, and an example of a summary from that passage. Try to choose a passage of 50–100 words.
- Use the same passage for your quote, paraphrase, and summary.
- Clearly identify your quotation, paraphrase, and summary to avoid confusion.
- Finally, include the reference list citation for the source you used.
- In a separate paragraph, discuss the differences between quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. Identify when these types of methods might be more appropriate, and discuss how you think you might incorporate quotations, paraphrases, and summaries into your research paper.