business law 151 discussion board short response assignment 1

WEEK ONE: May 28 – June 1 – Jurisdiction

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View the video’s on these links. They should help your understanding of the topics under the discussion this week. Also be sure to read the comments I have made that are found in the “Weekly Sessions” work for week one.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDqc2it41-4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J9xw7LG-2zA

JURISDICTION – CHAPTER 3

Part One

There are two major court systems in the United States, the Federal court system and the State court system. Each of these systems has jurisdiction to hear different types of lawsuits. Jurisdiction is the power granted to a court to make a decision which binds the parties of the suit. In order for a court to have jurisdiction to hear a case they must have the power to bind the defendant or property involved in the case to its decision or it must have authority over the subject matter of the case. The state and federal legislatures and their respective Constitutions have set out through Statute the division of jurisdiction and the authority it confers to the courts systems.

Answer two of the following questions:

  1. Ron wants to sue Supply Company for its failure to deliver materials that Ron needed to prepare his work for an appearance at a local Crafts Fair. What must Ron establish before a court will hear a suit?
  2. Carlos, a citizen of California, is injured in an automobile accident in Arizona. Alex, the driver of the other car, is a citizen of New Mexico. Carlos wants Alex to pay Carlos’s $125,000 in medical expenses and car repairs. Can Carlos sue in federal court?
  3. Jay is fired from his job and sues his employer. Jay loses the trial, and he appeals. The reviewing court affirms the decision of the trial court. Jay wants to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court. Can the Supreme Court refuse to hear his case? Explain.

Chapters 3 & 4

What is the difference between a court of general jurisdiction and a court of limited jurisdiction?

Chapter 4

Discuss the differences between a trial with and without a jury.

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