answer the following question: How do Craig and Maria’s person-centered plans differ? Explain how each is appropriate for the individual. What would Jeff’s person-centered plan look like.
Respond to the student discussion post:
(LIS) Maria is 16-years old and requires a person-centered plan to guide her towards her future goals. Although she is able to care for herself, she is â€œprompt-dependentâ€ for showering, brushing her teeth, and using deodorant (Wehman, Smith, and Schall, 2009). Maria needs skills to learn how to make simple meals for herself. She also requires some employment opportunities which would give her independence as well as earn money. Since she has 3rd grade language and math skills, Maria could hold a job which would give her some independence. In order to work, Maria will need communication skills to support her in the workplace. A job with minimal social interaction may be a better choice and as her skills grow (reciprocal communication, less scripting). Also, social skills for handling changes in a schedule or plan are necessary (how to express feelings appropriately). A transition plan will give Maria the ability to meet her goals.
Craigâ€™s person-centered transition story will be different than Mariaâ€™s (each individual will be unique to his/her strengths, needs, and vision for the future). He is 17-years old and has very little language. His challenging self-injuring behaviors need to be addressed in his transition plan. Craig enjoys Special Olympics, putting things together and puzzles. His transition plan needs to focus on finding work opportunities that match his interests and strengths. He has a great memory and is able to locate items even in a messy environment.
Jeff is 15-years old and his parents seem to be very involved with his IEP. They are aware of his unique needs and challenges: a rigid routine, being interrupted in the middle of a task, and being directed by the teacher. Jeff uses inappropriate physical contact (tripping, punching) which needs to be addressed in order to support Jeff having a job. He will need to learn how to communicate and be understood without over-reacting (scream, blurt out, crawl under the desk). Beginning Jeffâ€™s person-centered plan, the team has a great opportunity as he is only 15. It gives the team more time to support his strengths and work on skills (communicating and self-regulation).
Maria, Craig, and Jeff all have the opportunity to make successful person-centered plans. As mentioned by Wehman et al., all three students would benefit from a BSP (2009). By decreasing their challenging behaviors, they will be able to work in the community and gain independence. Creating a person-centered plan involves the individual with autism choosing a team of people who will support him/her with future plans (Wehman, Smith, & Schall, 2009).
Wehman, P., Datlow Smith, M., & Schall, C. (2009). Autism and the transition to adulthood success beyond the classroom (1st ed.). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.