11. Which of the following forms of expression is not protected by the First Amendment?
a. An offensive speech by a member of the Ku Klux Klan
b. Which of the following forms of expression is not protected by the First Amendment?
c. A minister’s sermon delivered during a church service.
d. The expenditure of money by a candidate for public office.
12. Which of the following practices has been held by the courts to be protected by the Free Exercise of Religion Clause of the First Amendment?
a. handling of poisonous snakes in religious ceremonies
b. All of the above
d. door-to-door solicitation of money by religious groups
13. The Supreme Court has refined the clear and present danger doctrine so that public advocacy may be prohibited only in situations when there is ___________.
a. a possible public danger
b. obscenity or profanity
c. actual violence
d. imminent lawless action
14. In Texas v. Johnson (1989) the Supreme Court invalidated a Texas statute banning ______.
a. the use of birth control devices
b. topless dancing in bars
c. desecration of the American flag
d. profanity in public
15. In what has become a classic phrase, Justice _______________ observed that the “most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater, and causing a panic.”
a. Hugo Black
b. William Brennan
c. Charles Evans Hughes
d. Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
16. The ____________ doctrine has been used by state and federal courts to reverse numerous convictions where persons have been prosecuted for merely advocating illegal acts
a. clear and present danger
b. substantive due process
c. in loco parentis
d. . time, place, and manner
17. In _______________ (1969), the Supreme Court has refined the clear and present danger doctrine so that public advocacy may be prohibited only in situations when there is imminent lawless action.
a. Cohen v. California
b. Schneckloth v. Bustamonte
c. Brandenburg v. Ohio
d. Flast v. Cohen
18. ____________ are “those personally abusive epithets which, when addressed to the ordinary citizen, are, as a matter of common knowledge, inherently likely to provoke violent reaction
a. Fighting words
b. Fighting words
19. _____________ refer(s) to any instance of hateful expression, whether verbal, written or symbolic, that is based on racial, ethnic or religious prejudice or some other similar animus
b. Hate speech
d. Fighting words
20. The ____________ Amendment provides that: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”